Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Nationwide Domestic Survey

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Definitions and principles

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) question on populace team can be used to create two main factors: the minority that is visible while the Population group variable.

The main function of the people team concern in the NHS would be to derive counts when it comes to minority population that is visible. Visible minority refers into the minority that is visible to that the respondent belongs. The Employment Equity Act describes noticeable minorities as ‘persons, other than Aboriginal individuals, who’re non-Caucasian in competition or non-white in color.’ Groups into the noticeable minority variable include South Asian, Chinese, Ebony, Filipino, Latin United states, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean, Japanese, noticeable minority, n.i.e. (‘n.i.e.’ means ‘not included elsewhere’), several noticeable minorities, rather than a noticeable minority.

Information about the noticeable minority populace is needed under federal work equity legislation for programs which promote equal window of opportunity for every person. Federal work equity programs would be the duty of recruiting and personal Development Canada as well as other federal federal government departments; but, the NHS provides data that are benchmark each one of the designated groups (females, Aboriginal individuals, people with disabilities and users of noticeable minorities).

Information on Canada’s visible minority populace are employed by governments, organizations, community teams, healthcare providers, scientists and many different businesses for the nation to make certain equal chance for everybody else. Information from the noticeable minority populace may be used by companies to compare the faculties of the characteristics to their workforce of this populace whom reside in the exact same area.


As indicated above, the minority that is visible provides information from the visible minority populace as defined for federal work equity purposes, whereas the populace group variable will not.

The noticeable minority adjustable includes data for 13 derived teams: South Asian, Chinese, Ebony, Filipino, Latin United states, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean, Japanese, Visible minority, n.i.e., several noticeable minorities rather than a noticeable minority (‘Not a visible minority’ contains participants whom reported ‘Yes’ to your Aboriginal identification concern along with participants have been maybe not regarded as being people in an obvious minority team). Additionally there is a subtotal given to the ‘ Total minority that is visible,’ which aggregates counts when it comes to very very first 12 teams.

Both in the noticeable minority and populace group variables, the category ‘Visible minority, n.i.e.’ includes participants who reported a write-in response such as ‘Guyanese,’ ‘West Indian,’ ‘Tibetan,’ ‘Polynesian,’ ‘Pacific Islander,’ etc. The category ‘Multiple noticeable minorities’ includes respondents who reported one or more noticeable minority team by checking a couple of mark-in circles, such as ‘Black’ and ‘South Asian.’

Within the Population team variable information are included for numerous reactions such as ‘White and Southern Asian’ and ‘White and Ebony,’ these numerous reactions are counted differently into the noticeable minority adjustable due to the need certainly to derive the adjustable according to work equity demands. When you look at the minority that is visible, people whom reported ‘Chinese,’ ‘South Asian,’ ‘Black,’ ‘Filipino,’ ‘Southeast Asian,’ ‘Japanese,’ or ‘Korean,’ in conjunction with ‘White’ or even a write-in reaction are contained in the noticeable minority count for the particular noticeable minority team reported. As an example, participants whom examined ‘Black’ and ‘White’ are contained in the ‘Black’ count. Participants whom examined ‘Black’ and wrote-in ‘French’ or ‘Malaysian’ are within the ‘Black’ count.

In comparison, relative to work equity definitions, people who reported ‘Latin American’ and ‘White,’ ‘Arab’ and ‘White,’ or ‘West Asian’ and ‘White’ have already been excluded through the noticeable minority population. Likewise, people who reported ‘Latin American,’ ‘Arab’ or ‘West Asian’ and whom offered A european write-in reaction such as ‘French’ are excluded from the noticeable minority population also. These people are included in the ‘Not a visible minority’ category. Nonetheless, people who reported ‘Latin American,’ ‘Arab’ or ‘West Asian’ and a non-European write-in reaction are within the minority population that is visible. For instance, participants whom checked ‘Latin American’ and had written in ‘Peruvian’ are included into the ‘Latin American’ count. Participants who reported ‘Arab’ and had written in ‘Lebanese’ are contained in the ‘Arab’ count. Participants whom reported ‘West Asian’ and had written in ‘Afghan’ were within the ‘western Asian’ count.


Many 2011 nationwide home Survey (NHS) participants received the 2011 nationwide home Survey Form N1 questionnaire, while participants residing on Indian reserves, in Indian settlements as well as in other areas that are remote the 2011 nationwide domestic Survey Form N2 questionnaire. On both questionnaires, data on populace team and minority that is visible were gathered in Questions 19.

In both variations for the questionnaire, reaction groups when you look at the populace group concern included 11 mark-in circles and one write-in room. Participants had been expected ‘ Is this individual:’ and were instructed to mark one or more associated with the after reaction groups, or even specify another team, if relevant:

Population team shouldn’t be mistaken for nationality or citizenship.

For people whom participate in one or more populace team:

  • mark all of the circles that apply
  • usually do not report ‘bi-racial’ or ‘mixed’ when you look at the package supplied.

People who reported ‘Yes’ to matter 18 (Aboriginal peoples) were not expected the populace team concern. Aboriginal individuals are incorporated into a response that is separate called ‘Aboriginal self-reporting’ within the Population group variable. They have been contained in the ‘Not a visible minority’ category into the noticeable minority variable, along side people reporting other selected teams such as ‘White.’

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